QuestionsCategory: QuestionsStructure of Indian Financial System
adam asked 5 months ago

Structure of Indian Financial System

1 Answers
Khizer hayat answered 5 months ago

Introduction to indian financial system :
Financial System is a set of institutional arrangements through which financial surpluses in the economy are mobilised from surplus units and transferred to deficit spenders. The institutional arrangements include all conditions and mechanisms governing the production, distribution, exchange and holding of financial assets or instruments of all kinds and the organisations as well as the manner of operations of financial markets and institutions of all descriptions.
Components of indian financial system :
1. Financial Institutions: It ensures smooth working of the financial system by making investors and borrowers meet. They mobilize the savings of investors either directly or indirectly via financial markets by making use of different financial instruments as well as in the process using the services of numerous financial services providers. They could be categorized into Regulatory, Intermediaries, Non-intermediaries and Others.
2. Financial Markets: A Financial Market can be defined as the market in which financial assets are created or transferred. As against a real transaction that involves exchange of money for real goods or services, a financial transaction involves creation or transfer of a financial asset.
3. Financial Instruments: This is an important component of financial system. The products which are traded in a financial market are financial assets, securities or other types of financial instruments. There are a wide range of securities in the markets since the needs of investors and credit seekers are different.
4. Financial Services: It consists of services provided by Asset Management and Liability Management Companies. They help to get the required funds and also make sure that they are efficiently invested. They assist to determine the financing combination and extend their professional services up to the stage of servicing of lenders.
5. Money:  It is understood to be anything that is accepted for payment of products and services or for the repayment of debt. It is a medium of exchange and acts as a store of value. It eases the exchange of different goods and services for money.

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