Difference between Management Accounting and Financial accounting

Difference between Management Accounting and Financial accounting

Financial accounting and management accounting are two different branches of Accounting. Financial accounting is a branch of accounting which deals with recording of financial transactions of business for preparations of financial statements like Income statement and Balance sheet. These financial statements reveal the true financial position of business to all its stakeholders. Whereas, Management accounting records both financial and non-financial information and presents it in the form of reports to management for decision making and policy formulation.

It collects all relevant information about business and presents it to the internal management team for making policies, strategies and plans for business functioning. Financial accounting is done in accordance with rules provided by GAAP or IFRS while there are no specified rules for doing management accounting. Financial accounting aims to provide financial information to all stakeholders of business including both internal and external user. Management accounting, however, is practised to serve the information needs of internal management required for decision making. 

Difference between Financial and Management Accounting

Basis of DistinctionFinancial AccountingManagement Accounting
1. MeaningFinancial accounting is a accounting branch which records financial transactions for preparation of financial statements. It is an accounting system which ascertain financial position of company by preparing financial statements.
Management accounting is a accounting system concerned with recording and providing all relevant information to managers for decision making.
2. Nature of informationRecords only financial transactions.
It records both financial and non-financial information.
3. Aim
It aims to provide financial information to all stakeholders including internal and external parties.

Provides information to only internal management team.
4. Timing
Financial statements are prepared at end of accounting periods. Accounting period is generally of one year.
No specific time period. Reports for managers are prepared from time to time as per the requirement.
5. DependenceFinancial accounting does not depend on management accounting for information.It depends upon financial accounting for various financial information for right decision making.
6. Governing principlesFinancial statements are accordance with rules specified in GAAP and IFRSThere is no specified rules and regulation for preparing management accounting reports.
7. AccuracyIt focuses on accuracy of facts and figures recorded as it is verified by auditors.
It focuses on recording wide range of information all of which is not verifiable as it contains predictive information also.
8. Statutory complianceFinancial accounting is statutory required to be done by all companies.There is no mandatory requirement for doing management accounting.